Abantu baseMelika ngoku bangathenga ubisi lwebele kubasetyhini baseKhambodiya abahlawulweyo bangaphantsi kweedola ezili-10 ngosuku

Isazisi I-Ambrosia Labs zibanga ukuba yinkampani yokuqala ukuthumela ubisi lwebele lomntu e-US. Abaseki bayo bathi imodeli yabo yeshishini iluncedo koomama baseCambodia, kodwa bayaxhasa ukuba bayabaxhaphaza abantu ababhinqileyo abasengozini.
  • Ifoto ngu-Aleksandar Novoselski nge-Stocksy

    Imini enkulu ephezulu kumda othuli we-Phnom Penh & apos; Stung Meanchey yokulahla inkunkuma. UCheksrey Toy, oneminyaka eli-19 ubudala obhityileyo, ungena kwisiqwenga somthunzi phantsi kwekhaya lakhe elixhonyiweyo, uphakamisa isikipa sakhe, kwaye uqala ukondla unyana wakhe osana.

    Indawo yokulahla inkunkuma yakha yasebenza njengeyona ndawo inkulu yokufumana inkunkuma kunye nesimboli ebonakalayo yentlupheko, indawo apho ezo zinto zincinci zazize ngamawaka zizokukhetha inkunkuma yoluntu kunye neepos; inkunkuma enokuphinda isetyenziselwe ukuthengisa. Umsebenzi waqala ukoma xa inkunkuma ivalwa ngokusesikweni ngo-2009. Uninzi lwabo babedla ngokuya rhoqo kule ndawo sele befumene eminye imisebenzi, okanye ezinye iimfumba zenkunkuma.

    Funda ngokugqithisileyo : Indawo ephantsi komhlaba yeNtengiso ye-Intanethi yobisi lwebele



    Itoyi iye yajika yathengisa ngobisi lwebele olungaphezulu kwayo Iilebhu zeAmbrosia , Inkampani ebanga ukuba yeyokuqala ukungenisa ubisi lomntu eMelika. Kwiinyanga ezintandathu ezidlulileyo, uthi, abafuni beza kwindawo yakhe elawulwa zii-NGO befuna oomama abasandula ukubeleka, bephethe iimpompo zamabele. Ndayifuna le mali, kwaye ndandingenayo nemali, utshilo. Ngoku, ufumana phakathi kwe- $ 5 kunye ne- $ 10 ngosuku kwiklinikhi nje uhambo olufutshane lwesithuthuthu ukusuka ekhayeni lakhe. (ICambodia kunye neapos; umyinge wengeniso yesizwe ukubhabha malunga ne- $ 3 nje ngosuku.)

    Iklinikhi inendlu yeevenkile ezinemigangatho emithathu kwindawo efakwe imibutho yoncedo eyakhelwe ukuxhasa uluntu oluhlwempuzekileyo kwindawo yokulahla inkunkuma. Iphawulwe kuphela ngophawu oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, olufundayo xa meada - Ixabiso lomama kwiKhmer.

    I-Ambrosia ihlala iqesha malunga noomama abangama-20, utshilo umsunguli waseMelika uBronzson Woods. Yena kunye neqabane lakhe kwishishini uRyan Newell baqala inkampani ngoJulayi 2015, bethatha inethiwekhi uWoods wayakha ngelixa esebenza njengomvangeli wasemazweni wase-Mormon eCambodia kwiminyaka embalwa eyadlulayo. Kodwa uWoods wayila ingcinga kwishishini lobisi lwebele ngelixa wayebuyile e-US; Usibali wakhe waye wazala amawele, kwaye akazange akwazi ukuvelisa ubisi olwaneleyo ukubondla. I-Woods yafumanisa ukuba imfuno yobisi lomntu yayiphezulu, kodwa ukubonelelwa kwakucinyiwe. Ubisi lwebele lufumaneka kuphela ngentengiso ngeebhanki zobisi okanye kwintengiso ekhulayo kwi-Intanethi, ethi ihlala ingalawulwa .

    Abasetyhini baseMelika abazinikeli ukuba bakhuphe ubisi lwabo, utshilo uWoods. Uyayichaza esithi, 'Apho sicinga ukuba singangena. Ukwabhekisa kwelona lizwe liphezulu amazinga okuncancisa: 'ICambodia kunye neeapos zikwindawo ephuhla kamnandi, akunjalo?'

    Ndandifuna imali, kwaye ndandingenayo nemali.

    Ngaphambi kokuza e-Ambrosia, abasetyhini kufuneka bancancise kuphela abantwana babo iinyanga ezintandathu, ingcebiso ngoMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi. Kodwa kamsinya nje ukuba balupase olo phawu kwaye bayokujongwa kwezempilo kunye nokuvavanywa kwezifo-ngokwemigaqo yebhanki yaseMelika yobisi, ethi uWoods okwangoku ingqongqo kunaleyo yoLawulo lwezoKutya neZiyobisi-banokufika emsebenzini.

    Abafazi bafumana iisenti ezingama-64 ngeoyunisi nganye yobisi lwabo lwebele, kwaye bahlala bepompa ii-ounces ezili-12 ngosuku. (Ngokuthelekisa, ibhanki yobisi i-Mother & apos; s Milk Cooperative, ebonelela ngenzuzo kwiLebhu yeeLebhu zeMedolac, ihlawula 'abaxhasi' baseMelika i-1 ngeyure.) Ubisi lwebele lubandisiwe, luthunyelwe kwiziko e-Utah apho kugalelwe khona, kwaye ithunyelwe kulo lonke elaseMelika; Amazwe ase Mzantsi yintengiso eshushu, uNewell ukhankanya. Kwiwebhusayithi yeAmbrosia, ii-apos; ubisi luthengiswa ukuya kuthi ga kwiidola ezi-4 ngeyunithi nganye.

    Ngaphakathi kwiklinikhi yasePhnom Penh, oomama bahlala kwiitafile ezincinci zeplastiki ezigcwele iibhotile kunye neempompo zamabele. Bathatha intsasa kusasa nasemva kwemini, kwaye bayancokola imini yonke. Isikhalo sabantwana & apos; bakhala phantsi kwizitepsi, kwaye abo badala ngokwaneleyo ukuba bangene bangene ngaphandle kwegumbi. NjengoToyi, uninzi lwabasetyhini abathengisa ubisi lwabo eklinikhi babesebenza imisebenzi engaqhelekanga ngaphambili: ukuvuna inkunkuma, ukuvuna imifuno, ukuthunga. UMao Chanthouen, oneminyaka engama-34, uhleli ecaleni komhlobo wasebumelwaneni — okufuphi nendawo yokulahla inkunkuma — owamfunayo. 'Ndonwabile,' utshilo. 'Ndinganikela ngobisi lwebele kwabanye abantwana, kwaye ndibhatalele oko' — ukufumana phantse yonke into ngosuku olunye njengoko wayenokufumana ngaphambili ngeveki enye njengomthungi.

    Umfanekiso weskrini nge-Ambrosia Labs

    ICambodia, njengoko kuchaziwe nguWoods, ilungile kwinkampani kunye nemodeli yeapos. Ilizwe lelinye lawona manqanaba aphezulu okuncancisa kwi-mpuma ye-Asia: Amashumi amathandathu anesihlanu eepesenti lweentsana zincanciswa ibele lodwa kwiinyanga ezintandathu zokuqala. Kodwa ezixekweni, oomama bahlala bengancancisi ixesha elide, kwaye abo bazalela kwizibhedlele zasePhnom Penh bazifumana bephantsi ifomula yentengiso , rhoqo emva kokuziswa.

    UWoods uthi ukukhuthaza ukupompa ubisi kukhuthaza abasetyhini ukuba baqhubeke nokuncancisa, ukongeza ekuboneleleni ngeniso ethe rhoqo. 'Yimpumelelo,' utshilo.

    Kodwa iingcali zamalungelo abasetyhini & apos; babona ukuthengiswa kobisi oluncinci bebisi njengolukhoyo kumhlaba wokuziphatha ongazinzanga — hayi ngokungafaniyo nomzi mveliso wokuthengisa ngokwesivumelwano eCambodia, elinye lamazwe okugqibela kwingingqi apho isenzo eso sisasebenza ngaphandle komgaqo omncinci. 'Iphatha abasetyhini njengesixhobo sokuvelisa izinto zabanye abantu abanethuba elininzi, utshilo uRos Sopheap, umlawuli we-NGO Isini noPhuhliso lweCambodia (GDC). 'Nokuba abafazi bayenza ngokuzithandela, kukho uxinzelelo lwezezimali.'

    UWoods unyanzelisa ukuba uhlobo lweshishini aluxhaphazi -'Ukuza eCambodia ... kwaye ayikuko malunga nokuhlawula abafazi kancinci. Kwaye malunga nokutsala ukubonelelwa ngakumbi ngexabiso elifanayo, utshilo. USopheap akavumelani, esithi i-Ambrosia Labs ijolise ngabom abasetyhini abahluphekileyo abaswele eminye imisebenzi kwaye basebenze kuphela kunomdla wexeshana. Abasetyhini abanalo ithuba lokuhlalutya izinto ngakumbi. Bayayidinga imali, 'uyongeza. 'Kutheni le nto ungayi kwabafazi abanemali kunye nemfundo elungileyo?'

    Ibaphatha abafazi njengesixhobo sokuvelisa izinto zabanye abantu abanethuba elininzi.

    Ukuziphatha kwemodeli yeshishini eqinisekisa ukuba ngumama ayizizo izinto ezilula, utshilo uSharmila Rudrappa, ugqirha wezentlalo oye wafunda ishishini lokumitha emhlabeni. 'Ukubiza olu hlobo lwenkampani ngokungekho mthethweni akucingi ngezixhobo ezikhulu ezidale le meko, utshilo.

    URudrappa uyavuma ukuba umgama ophathekayo kunye nenkcubeko unokuthintela abathengi abanemigaqo kunye neapos; amaxhala, ngakumbi kwimeko yobisi lwebele. 'Inkampani efana ne-Ambrosia iya kuba nengxaki e-US, utshilo, esalatha kwiphulo lika-2014 leMedolac lokwandisa ukuncancisa phakathi koomama abamkela imivuzo ephantsi eDetroit eyachithwa emva kokutshutshiswa kwalapha. ('Iyabuza ukuxhaphaza,' umququzeleli uxelelwe i Iindaba zeDetroit ngelo xesha.)

    Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, i-Ambrosia Labs sele iqeshe oomama abangama-50 baseCambodia, kwaye iikhontrakthi zihlala zihlala kwiinyanga ezintandathu. Okwangoku, ishishini likaWoods kunye neNewell lijonge ukwandisa, lisafuna ukuvunywa yi-Ofisi yoMphathiswa Wezempilo eCambodia. Esi sibini sele sifumene iifowuni kwabo banomdla wokuphinda imodeli kwenye indawo ekumazantsi mpuma Asia kunye naseMpuma Yurophu.

    Kwishishini elingenamzekelo ungaphambili, uRudrappa uthi ukukhusela oomama kufuneka kube linyathelo lokuqala. Andiqondi ukuba ingxaki kukuba ezi ndidi zeebhanki zobisi ziba semgangathweni - luhlobo luni lwemigangatho esekwe kwilizwe lonke ukukhusela aba bafazi nabantwana babo. ' Ulungelelanisa ezimbalwa: isondlo esifanelekileyo soomama nabantwana, ukhathalelo lomgangatho wamanina, izindlu ezikhuselekileyo.

    Ukufumana amanye amabali anje, Bhalisela iNcwadana yeendaba

    Intombi kaChanthouen & apos sele inenyanga ezingama-20 ubudala, izidlele ezingqukuva namehlo abanzi. Kuzo zonke iiseshoni zokumpompa, uqengqa imabhile ejikeleze iklinikhi kunye neapos; s kumgangatho wethayile. Kodwa ngequbuliso, uyalila. Umile kwaye aqala ukuncanca kwicala lasimahla likanina, esenza udidi olulinganayo lomlinganiso. UChanthouen ufuna omnye umntwana kodwa akaqinisekanga ukuba angayifumana na. Isenokungakwazi ukwandisa ikhontrakthi yakhe eAmbrosia ixesha elide.

    Xa ubisi loma, kuya kuba njalo nomsebenzi-kwakhona.