Abantu baNika iZiselo ezinxilisayo ukuze bayeke ukusela umlomo ngomlomo

FYI.

Eli bali lingaphezulu kweminyaka emi-5 ubudala.

Iindaba Iiarhente zokunciphisa ingozi zinika iziselo ezinxilisayo ezingapheliyo 'ukubusela utywala. EToronto, CA
  • Isicoci esisesandleni sisixhobo esinexabiso eliphantsi nesinetyhefu endaweni yotywala obunganyangekiyo. Ifoto ngomsebenzisi weFlickr uMorten Rand-Hendriksen

    Uhlobo lwesiselo esinxilisayo uFernando Pacheco uza nesilumkiso —'iintambo ziya kubangela ukuphazamiseka kakhulu emathunjini, ukungabikho zingqondweni nokufa. '

    UPacheco, 50, ongumPhuthukezi waseKhanada okhulele eVancouver kwaye uhlala eDowntown Eastside, usebenzisa indawo yokuhlikihla utywala, aka isopropyl, rhoqo. 'Isiselo' kuye sisinye kwisithathu sebhotile ye-500 ml exutywe namanzi. Isiphumo sisebenza ngokukhawuleza.



    'Yinto yam ngaphakathi,' uxelele gswconsultinggroup.com kudliwanondlebe ngomnxeba, ngokuthelekisa incasa nepetroli.

    'Ingqondo yakho kunye nomzimba wakho uziva ushushu.'

    Ulusu lwakhe luvuthile, ukutsha kwesisu, kunye nombono ufiphele, wathi ukuphakama kuyaphela ngokukhawuleza. Kwisiqingatha seyure, uhlala emnyama ngaphandle.

    'Kwiiveki ezimbini ezidlulileyo, ndilahlekelwe siselfowuni, izitshixo zendlu, nendawo yokuhlamba iimpahla endiyicocileyo ... Ndivalelwe ejele.'

    UPacheco ulilungu leQela lase-Eastside elingekho Mthethweni labaseli leMfundo, iseti esezantsi yeVancouver Area Network yaBasebenzisi beziyobisi. Eli qela ngoku lifuna inkxaso-mali kwiNkqubo yoLawulo loTywala (i-MAP), uhlobo lokunciphisa ingozi olunikezela utywala obungapheliyo ngotywala ukuze lubanqande ekuphuzeni 'utywala obungekho mthethweni' njengokuhlamba utywala, ukuhlamba umlomo, ukucoca ngesandla, iwayini yerayisi, kunye neenwele.

    Ipatchwork yezi nkqubo zikhona kulo lonke elaseKhanada, kunye neziyobisi ezixhasa izixeko ezinje ngeCalgary kunye neVancouver yokucela okungakumbi.

    Injongo ye-MAP ayisi & khupha abantu ukuba bangaseli (nangona ngamanye amaxesha imveliso iyimveliso), nokuba kunjalo kukumisa utyelelo entolongweni, esibhedlele, ekonzakaleni nasekufeni, zonke ezo zinto zingaphezulu iqhelekile xa isiselo esinxilisayo esingesiso.

    'Umntu ohamba ngebhotile eyi-500 ml yokurabha utywala kwisithuba seeyure ezingama-24 ayalingana nokusela iibhiya ezingama-30,' utshilo uCoco Culbertson, umlawuli weenkqubo zePortland Hotel Society (PHS).

    Ukucoca izandla, ukuhlamba umlomo, nokuthambisa utywala ngexabiso eliphantsi, kulula ukufumaneka, kwaye unxila umntu ngokukhawuleza-ibhotile yeerubhi ixabisa malunga ne-5 yeedola [i-3,75 yeedola] kwaye inokufikelela kwiipesenti ezingama-90 zotywala — nto leyo ebenza babe nomtsalane kubantu abakhobokisayo. Elinye ilungu le-EIDGE lixelele i-gswconsultinggroup.com ukuba abasebenzi bahlala behlasela izibhedlele beba isixa esikhulu sezinto zokucoca izandla, ezaziwa esitalatweni njenge 'gel.' Ingxaki ixhaphake kakhulu eDowntown Eastside, abahlali bathi iivenkile zekona zalapha ziye zanyusa amaxabiso eemveliso ezinjengeListerine.

    I-Downtown Eastside. Ifoto ngomsebenzisi weFlickr uPatrick Doheny

    I-PHS, umbutho ongajonganga kwenza nzuzo owakha wathengisa imibhobho yokuqhekeza ngokusebenzisa umatshini wokuthengisa ukunqanda ukusasazeka kwe-HIV kunye ne-Hepatitis C, iqhuba iinkqubo ezimbini kule ndawo ukunceda abanxila kakhulu bayeke ukusela ezi ntlobo zinetyhefu.

    Enye yinkqubo yokuhlala yenqwelomoya, apho abantu abali-12 banikwa indawo yokuhlala kwaye bamiselwe iidosi ezili-12 zotywala phantsi kolawulo lukagqirha, ngokungafaniyo nendlela elingena ngayo i-heroin. Enye into, engekho sikweni kangako kulwakhiwo, ngumdibanisi kunye nomanyano. Malunga ne-130 yabathathi-nxaxheba ngoku bayabandakanyeka kokugqibela; I-10 yeedola [i-7.50 yeedola] ngenyanga ivumela ukuba benze iilitha ezininzi zebhiya okanye iwayini. Kabini ngemini, amaqela ayahlanganisana ukuze axube kwaye afake ezabo izinto, abanokuzithatha bagoduke nazo.

    Icandelo lotshintshiselwano livumela abantu ukuba batshintshe isicoci sezandla, bathambise utywala, njl njl.

    Kanye ngeveki, amalungu anentlanganiso 'yokuphuza nokusela', utshilo uCulbertson, apho banokuhlala khona, bafumane inkxaso, kwaye baxoxe ngokunciphisa ingozi. Ikwabonelela ngethuba lokulila oontanga babo abaswelekileyo-into ebuhlungu kodwa exhaphakileyo phakathi kwaba bantu. Ngaphezulu e-EIDGE, amalungu angama-40 asweleke kule minyaka mine idlulileyo kuphela.

    'Abantu esijongana nabo sele bekwimeko enzima yokugula kunye nokufa, utshilo uCulbertson, eyiqaphela kwaye ayisiyonto ingaqhelekanga ukuba abantu abakwizakhiwo ze-PHS bagqithe. Uninzi ngabantu bomthonyama kwaye banembali yomothuko okanye abasindileyo kwinkqubo yesikolo yokuhlala.

    U-Brewmaster uTyler Bigchild, oneminyaka engama-35 ubudala, wakhulela eReer Deer, eAlberta, esela kakhulu ukusukela eneminyaka eli-13 ubudala. Unina, owayemthatha amse ebharini xa uBigchild wayekwishumi elivisayo, kwaye umakazi wakhe bobabini babulawa butywala- Izigulo ezinxulumene noko, watsho, esongeza elona xesha ebomini bakhe awakha waba sober xa wayesentolongweni; Uchithe iminyaka emithandathu evalelwe ulwaphulo mthetho olufana nokwebiwa kwemoto.

    Kwinqanaba lakhe eliphantsi, uBigchild, osela ukusuka nge-10 kusasa ade ayokulala, uthe uyokubhenela ekuseleni utywala, ngamanye amaxesha ukuze afumane ukurhoxa kusasa. Uthatha amayeza kagqirha ukuze ayeke ukungcangcazela.

    'Xa ndisela ikhompawundi, ijongeka ngathi iti yomkhenkce. Ayisiyonto imbi, uyixube nejusi. '

    Kodwa, ukongeza kumalungu osapho aswelekileyo, unokuluhlu ngokulula amagama abahlobo abathathu abasandula ukusweleka ngenxa yotywala obungapheliyo.

    Ngelixa uphando ngeziphumo zokusela utywala ngokungekho mthethweni lilinganiselwe, inye ukufunda , epapashwe kwi Ijenali yezoNyango eseMazantsi ngo-2009, wathi idosi encinci ye-isopropyl alcohol eyimfuneko ekubulaleni umntu omdala yi-100 ml (malunga ne-shots ezimbini), kodwa ukusweleka kunye nokusilela kwezintso kukungenisa kunqabile.

    Ngenxa yokusetyenziswa kobomi bonke, abathengi abaninzi be-PHS bakumanqanaba okusilela kwesibindi, isifo seswekile, ipancreatitis, ukonzakala kwengqondo (ukuwa kunokuba yingozi kakhulu xa unxile kakhulu), kwaye unengxaki yokurhoxa ngaphandle kokufumana utywala, ubangela ukuxhuzula, utshilo uCulbertson. gswconsultinggroup.com. Okona kubi kakhulu, ukurhoxiswa kotywala kunokuba yingozi.

    Ifoto ngomsebenzisi weFlickr uCharmaine Chiu.

    Iimveliso ezingekho mthethweni zixhaphakileyo konke ukucebisa ukubiza ugqirha okanye indawo yokulawula ityhefu kwimeko 'yokungenisa ngengozi' kunye neekhemikhali ezingezizo ezinxilisayo ezinokuba nazo ikakhulu kwisisu.

    Iinkonzo zezeMpilo e-Alberta zithe zikhona Ukutyelelwa ngamagumbi angama-80 kwigumbi likaxakeka eCalgary kule minyaka imbalwa idlulileyo ngenxa yetyhefu evela kwizinto eziyityhefu ezinje ngokuhlamba umlomo, nangona amanani ethatha ukungena ngengozi.

    Ukongeza, ngenxa yokungaguquguquki kwayo, ukusela isicoci sezandla ngaphandle kokusixuba ngokufanelekileyo kunokubangela ukukrwitshwa-into esandula ukwenzeka kwilungu le-EIDGE eliswelekileyo kamva.

    IYunivesithi yaseVictoria kunye neVancouver yezeMpilo yoNxweme ziphakathi kokufunda ifuthe leenkqubo ezilawulwa ngotywala kwilizwe liphela. Ukuthetha ne-gswconsultinggroup.com, umphandi okhokelayo uTim Stockwell, okwangumlawuli weZiko loPhando ngeziyobisi kwiBritish Columbia, uthe izikhombisi zakwangoko zilungile.

    Ucacise inkqubo yokunyanga abaguli eShelter House eThunder Bay, e-Ontario, apho abahlali abali-15 bafumana ii-ounces zewayini emhlophe qho emva kwemizuzu engama-90, ukusuka ngentsimbi yesi-8 ukuya kweyeshumi ngokuhlwa. Kukwanele ukugcina iimpawu zokurhoxa ngaphandle kokumosha abantu.

    'Esinye seziphumo zethu eziphambili yayikukuba… abathathi-nxaxheba be-MAP babethanda ukwenza ngcono kakhulu kunolawulo malunga nokuba bangaphi na abafowunelwa emapoliseni kwaye bangaphi ukwamkelwa esibhedlele. Ukutyelelwa kwe-ER kwakusezantsi kakhulu kubahlali be-MAP, utshilo uStockwell.

    UBrad King, olawula iShelter House, wongeza iinkonzo zokurhoxa zincitshisiwe ngama-88 eepesenti.

    Kodwa wathi umbono we-MAP awunakuphikisana.

    Abantu bathi, & apos; Ngaba uyenza ukuba isebenzise iziyobisi? & Apos; Thina & apos; senza ukuba sikwazi ukufikelela ekutyeni nakwindawo yokuhlala kunye nakwezonyango nakwezonyango njengoko abantu bezifuna. '

    UMark Townsend, owayesakuba ngumlawuli olawulayo we-PHS, uxelele Iinkqubo ze-gswconsultinggroup.com ezinje ngezi zihlala zifumana 'uqeqesho' xa urhulumente ethatha inxaxheba, kodwa inyani kukuba kufanelekile ukuba ihlale ingacwangciswanga. Zimbalwa iziphelo ezimnandi, utshilo.

    Le asiyiyo & indlela yokuphelisa abantu ukusela utywala kwaye ayisiyiyo indlela yokonga ubomi babo. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba abasayi kufa. '

    Indlu yeShelter ihlala igcwele kwaye inoluhlu lokulinda. Iinkqubo ezifanayo ne-MAP, ezikwabakho e-Ottawa naseToronto, zizinto ezimbalwa onokukhetha kuzo kubantu abasela ngokungekho mthethweni kwiziselo ezinxilisayo, abangazifanelanga iindawo zokuhlala ezomileyo. Uninzi lusela kwizikhululo zeebhasi, ezipakini, ngaphantsi kweebhulorho, nasezitalatweni, apho kulula khona ukubanjwa, ukuba ngamaxhoba okuphangwa nogonyamelo, okanye ukukrwitshwa ngumgabho nokufa kungekho mntu ubonileyo.

    'Mna & apos; ndibethwe ngasekhohlo nasekunene,' uPacheco uxelele igswconsultinggroup.com. Ukubanjwa kwakhe kutsha nje kwenzeka ngaphandle kweSalvation Army eDowntown Eastside. Uyimfama enxilile, waxelelwa ukuba ubetheka kwiivenkile zeefestile kwaye ekhala, 'Ndondle!' Inqanaba lokunxila elivela ekusebenziseni i-rubby linamandla kakhulu kunokusela rhoqo, utshilo, njengoko kunjalo nasehlayo.

    Andikwazi ukutya ukutya, ndiziva ndigula, ndiyangcangcazela, ndibile. Yinto embi! '

    Elinye ilungu le-EIDGE uJohn Skulsh, 55, uxelele I-gswconsultinggroup.com iminyaka esixhenxe ukuba wehla isiqingatha selitha sokuhlamba umlomo yonke imihla. Wanyanzelwa ukuba ayeke emva kokuzinikela kwinqanaba lesibini ngelixa esenza imbiza yee-noodles kwangoko.

    Ndayilahla yonke loo nto esifubeni sam. Ndandindedwa, ndandinxilile, utshilo. 'Ndandisentlungwini engathethekiyo.'

    USkulsh wathi akakhange ahlambe umlomo kwiinyanga ezilishumi ezidlulileyo kodwa uhlala esela ibhiya.

    I-EIDGE ifuna iMAP engahlaliyo, ukunika abasebenzisi indawo yokuhlala ngokusemthethweni nokusela ngaphakathi.

    Ngelixa abathathi-nxaxheba be-MAP ngamanye amaxesha beyeka ukusela isiselo esinxilisayo kunye nokunciphisa ukusela kwabo utywala ngokubanzi, abahlali becocekile ngokupheleleyo-kwaye ii-apos ayisiyiyo eyona nto, abalawuli bathi.

    'Esizama ukukwenza ukunciphisa iintlungu kwaba bantu kwaye sandise ubomi babo ukuba sinako, utshilo uCulbertson. & # 8226; & # 39; s malunga nobubele kunye nokuphinda-phinda ukuphinda-phinda uluntu oluye & ampos; luye lwanyanzelwa kakhulu.

    Landela uManisha Krishnan Twitter .